Punakha district was the ancient capital of Bhutan from 1637 – 1907 and the valley played a very significant role in safeguarding the nation during the time of great stress. It is a fertile valley with pleasant weather conditions which has led to the prosperity of the farmers around the valley. Because of its favorable weather condition, it cultivates two rice crops in a year. It is famous in the country for its large production of rice both red and white and this brings detailed information on attractions in Punakha.
The attractions in Punakha include home to one of the most impressive fortresses of Bhutan, Punakha Dzong. The country was ruled from inside this fortress for almost 270 years from 1637 – 1907 and Bhutan’s first national assembly was held here at Punakha inside the fortress in 1953. It is the second oldest and the second largest fortress in Bhutan. The popular annual mask dance festival called Punakha Drubchen is held in the courtyard inside this stunning fortress.